Research Impact: Cohort studies have demonstrated an association between participation in muscle strengthening activities and a reduction in all‐cause, cardiovascular, cancer, and chronic lower respiratory tract disease mortality (Stamatakis 2018; Zhao 2020), and reduced risk of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease (Shiroma 2017). Recent meta‐analyses found that strength training may improve cardiometabolic health outcomes, such as blood pressure and insulin resistance, in both healthy adults and those with cardiometabolic risk factors (Ashton 2020) and may improve the symptoms of depression and anxiety (Gordon 2017; Gordon 2018). Given the well documented benefits of muscle strengthening activities on musculoskeletal fitness, physical function, and health, and current low levels of participation, there is a potential benefit for the adult population if they increase participation in muscle strengthening activities. However, there is currently a lack of evidence on how this can be effectively encouraged. The primary objective of the review is to assess the benefits and harms of remote, face‐to‐face, and group‐based interventions for promoting strength training on participation in healthy, community‐based adults. Secondary objectives are to assess how (i) the method of intervention delivery, (ii) the intensity of the intervention delivery and (ii) the type of intervention influences the effectiveness of the intervention. The review will be conducted according to the guidelines recommended by the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group Editorial Board (Ghogomu 2014).
Gould R, Roberts NW, Murtagh EM, Hillsdon M, Foster C. Remote, face‐to‐face, and group‐based interventions for promoting strength training in healthy community‐based adults (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2022, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD014825. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD014825