Publication: Salivary Biomarkers and Training Load during Training & Competition in Paralympic Swimmers


The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between training load (TL) and three salivary biomarkers during training and competition in Paralympic swimmers. The salivary biomarkers were shown to respond to changes in TL, increasing with more intense training and decreasing during taper. Significant elevations in stress biomarkers despite reductions in TL demonstrated an induced stress response associated with major competition. Heightened stress levels in athletes can limit the ability to recover (Kellman, 2010), thus the findings of this study demonstrate post-race recovery must account for not just the physiological stress on the body as a result of racing but also the physiological and psychological stress response to major competition.

Sinnott-O’Connor, C., Comyns, T., Nevill, A.M. and Warrington, G., 2017. Salivary Biomarkers and Training Load during Training and Competition in Paralympic Swimmers. International journal of sports physiology and performance, pp.1-19.

Ciara Sinnott-O’Connor is a PhD Researcher in the department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences at the University of Limerick.

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