Research Impact: Socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are less likely to be physically active. Walking is important to public health, therefore understanding correlates of walking will inform the development of targeted interventions. We conducted a systematic review to examine the correlates of walking among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults. Based on inclusion criteria, we selected thirty-five studies for synthesis. Of these, 21 examined overall walking, 16 examined leisure-time walking and nine examined walking for transport (eight examined two or more types of walking). Most studies were cross-sectional, did not report response rates and used a validated measure of physical activity. Self-rated health, social ties, neighbourhood aesthetics, neighbourhood walkability, and perceptions of individual safety were the factors most consistently associated with walking among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults.
Hilland, T. A., Bourke, M., Wiesner, G., Bengoechea, E.G., Parker, A.G., Pascoe, M.C., & Craike, M. (2020). Correlates of walking among disadvantaged groups: A systematic review. Health and Place, 63, 102337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102337