Research Impact: Available evidence regarding improved mental health following smoking cessation has largely focused on young adults. Thus, we quantified associations of smoking and smoking cessation with prevalent and incident Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) among 6201 TILDA participants across eight years. Following adjustment for other relevant factors, compared to non-smokers, current smokers had 73% and 97% higher odds of prevalent GAD and MDD, respectively. Former smokers had 28% higher odds of prevalent GAD. Though associations between smoking and incident GAD and MDD were not statistically significant, findings may have important implications for interventions to curb tobacco use.
Monroe DC, McDowell CP, Kenny RA, Herring MP. Dynamic associations between anxiety, depression, and tobacco use in older adults: Results from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2021;139:99-105. (IF: 3.745; C=; Q1 Psychiatry; R=28/142) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.05.017