Publication: ‘Are all domains created equal? An exploration of stakeholder views on the concept of physical literacy’

Research Impact:  The purpose of this study was to gather empirical data from key stakeholders working with young people in areas related to physical literacy across the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, to capture their current understanding and awareness of physical literacy. A total of 1,241 participants from a range of stakeholder groups (health, physical activity, sport, recreation and education) completed a researcher developed online questionnaire. A majority (63%) of respondents indicated they were aware of an existing definition of physical literacy, but this varied by stakeholder group (e.g. 86% for higher education, versus 47% of coaches). All stakeholders rated the importance of the physical/psychomotor domain of physical literacy higher than the affective or cognitive domains.  Non-specialist teachers and physical education teachers rated the importance of all domains of physical literacy significantly higher than decision makers, and significantly higher than coaches in the cognitive and affective domains. Differences observed across stakeholder groups underline the importance of developing a shared vision for physical literacy, and the need to clarify and gain consensus on a definition of the term and its domains. This research will help inform the development of the first all-island consensus statement for physical literacy by Sport Ireland and Sport Northern Ireland. Engaging and understanding the voice of stakeholders is critical in ensuring the relevance, ownership of and commitment to operationalisation of a physical literacy statement.

Belton, S., Connolly, S., Peers, C., Goss, H., Murphy, M., Murtagh, E., Kavanagh, J., Corr, M., Ferguson, K. and O’Brien, W. (2022) ‘Are all domains created equal? An exploration of stakeholder views on the concept of physical literacy’, BMC Public Health, 22(1), 501, available:

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