Research Impact: Sprint performance in female team-sport athletes can be enhanced by strength training (i.e., reactive-, maximal-, combined-, and special-strength modalities). Compared with maximal- or special-strength programmes, reactive- and combined-strength training methods can have a greater effect on sprint performance. The evaluation of moderating variables highlights that the effect of strength training on sprint performance can be influenced by age, programme duration, and total number of sessions. Adaptations to training can be influenced by the natural hormonal fluctuations throughout the menstrual cycle. Careful methodological considerations should be applied to mitigate the impact of the menstrual cycle on overall training adaptations.
Hughes, W., Healy, R., Lyons, M. Nevill, A., Higginbotham, C., Lane, A. and Beattie, K. (2023) The Effect of Different Strength Training Modalities on Sprint Performance in Female Team-Sport Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. DOI: 10.1007/s40279-023-01820-5